​The RI in the SEU was establish upon the recommendation of the University Council in its first session on 22/10/1433Hjri, and it received the approval of the Council of Higher Education in its seventy-first session held on 14/11/1433Hiri by decree No (10/71/1433) dated 14/11/1433Hijri, which received royal approval of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, Prime Minister and Chairman of the Council of Higher Education by royal directive No. (7385) dated 26/2/1934Hijri.

The RI is the main body for the administration and execution of research projects, studies, scientific consultation services and training offered by the SEU to outside (governmental and private) sectors in return for financial compensation or cordial agreement. The RI works in full coordination and integration with the academic units and administrations of the SEU making full use of the SEU facilities and expertise.